We treat all problems affecting; speech, language, communication, eating & drinking.

Speech Disorders

At Manchester SLT we provide a specialist treatment service for individuals with speech disorders. Our highly experienced speech and language therapists will provide individualised treatment plans which will help to improve and support any speech, language or communication difficulties.

We treat a range of adult speech disorders, including:

What are speech disorders?

Speech disorders are a group of disorders which result in difficulties producing speech sounds correctly. There are several types of speech disorder which can be caused by different conditions or disorders.

A speech disorder causes an individual to have difficulties in producing speech sounds correctly. A speech disorder can vary from mild to severe. In mild cases only specific speech sounds may be affected, in more severe cases an individual`'s speech may be completely unintelligible (others being unable to understand the individual). There are two main types of speech disorder which include:

Articulation disorder

An articulation disorder occurs when an individual is unable to produce certain speech sounds as a result of difficulties with the placing, timing and movement of their articulators (tongue, palate, lips or throat).

Phonological disorder

A phonological disorder occurs when an individual has difficulties using the rules of their sound system correctly, which then results in mispronunciation of speech sounds.

Speech sound disorders in adults are often caused by neurological disorders; other causes include psychological conditions and conditions which have occurred since childhood.

The most common speech sound disorders which occur in adulthood include:

Apraxia of speech

Apraxia of speech is caused by damage to the part of the brain which controls speech. The severity of speech difficulties caused by apraxia will be dependent on the extent of the brain damage. Individuals with apraxia of speech will have difficulties with the sequencing and coordination of their speech sounds. Individuals with apraxia of speech will usually find it difficult to produce more complex speech sounds including sounds with increased syllable length, sentences and general conversation. Individual's with apraxia of speech will usually find it difficult to produce speech correctly on request but may be fine when producing it spontaneously.


Dysarthria occurs after injury to the central nervous system. Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder where the articulators (throat, palate, tongue and lips) become weak and slow. The severity of the dysarthria will be dependent on the extent of damage caused to the brain. There are several subtypes of dysarthria which will occur as a result of damage to different areas of the brain.

  • Stuttering
  • Cluttering
  • Lisp

Having a speech disorder can have a huge impact on an individual's life and will affect their ability to communicate effectively with others. In more severe cases where an individual has very limited speech or is not able to speak at all, they may need to use alternative forms of communication.

What problems caused by speech disorders can speech and language therapy help with?

There are many difficulties caused by speech disorders which speech and language therapy can help with, these include:

  • Communication problems - difficulties expressing verbal, written or non-verbal communication.
  • Speech disorders - any difficulties with the production of speech sounds.
  • Eating, drinking and swallowing difficulties
  • Voice problems any difficulties with the pitch, volume or quality of an individual's voice.

How can Speech and Language Therapy help individuals with speech disorders?

Speech and language therapy at Manchester SLT is highly beneficial for individuals with speech disorders. The main aim of speech and language therapy for individuals with speech disorders will be to maximise the individual's ability to communicate to their highest potential.

At Manchester SLT an initial assessment carried out by one of our speech and language therapist will determine the type and severity of speech disorder the individual has. Following an initial assessment the speech and language therapist will create an individualised treatment plan which will be tailored to the individual's specific needs and abilities.

There are many different treatment options available for individuals with speech disorders, however the type of treatment given will be highly dependent on the type of speech disorder the individual has, their overall ability and preferences for treatment.

Different treatment options for speech disorders may include:

  • Articulation therapy
  • Dyspraxia therapy
  • Speech exercises
  • Breathing exercises
  • Eating, drinking and swallowing management
  • Individual therapy
  • Group therapy
  • Alternative and augmentative communication - any form of communication other than speech
  • Advice, support or training

Speech and language therapy is highly beneficial in helping to improve and support an individual's communication. Speech and language therapists work closely with the individual, their carers / families and others involved in their care ensuring they gain the best possible outcome from therapy. Speech and language therapy can additionally benefit the individual by increasing their confidence and self-esteem about communicating.

How can I book a speech and language therapy appointment for speech disorders?

If you feel that speech and language therapy at Manchester SLT would be beneficial and would like to book an appointment with one of our highly experienced therapists, please email info@manchesterslt.co.uk or calling 0161 883 0111.

Back to Top